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Useful Words

Kuching got your tongue? Here's some potentially useful words for hikers which you might not find in your standard guidebook. (Kuching = cat in Malay in case you were wondering.)

Useful Words
> trekking terms
> gear/equipment
> at the national park
> geographical features
> weather and times
> wild animals
> plants
> food and drink
> transport
> emergencies
Trek Locations
> Bako NP
> Gunung Gading NP
> Kubah NP & Matang
> Lambir Hills NP
> Mulu NP
> Niah NP
> Santubong
> Tanjung Datu NP
Useful Words

An in-depth guide to speaking Malay or Iban is beyond the scope of this website; however below are a few useful words and phrases which may fill the gaps where phrasebooks and guidebooks don't specifically cater to trekking needs.

English

Bahasa Melayu

Jako Iban

trekking terms

istilah merentas

leka jako bejalai

(turn) left

(belok) kiri

(bilok) kiba

(turn) right

(belok) kanan

(bilok) kanan

climb / mountain climb

naik / mendaki gunung

niki gunong

descend

turun

nurun

difficult

susah / sukar

mar

easy

senang / mudah

mudah

guide

pemandu / panduan

orang ti ngulu

how far?

berapa jauh?

ni penyauh?

how much longer (time)?

berapa lama?

ni pengalama?

I'm lost

Saya sesat

Aku tesat

junction / intersection

simpang

simpang

jungle / forest

hutan

kampong / utan

jungle trekking

merentas hutan

bejalai ba utan

ladder / stairs

tangga

tangga

map

peta

mep

path/trail/track

jejak / perjalanan

jalai

slippery

licin

licin

steep

curam

renyan

straight ahead

berjalan terus

mansang terus

walk

jalan kaki

bejalai kaki

gear/equipment

kelengkapan

perengka

backpack

beg galas

bag sandik

bag

beg

beg

battery

bateri

betri

boot

but

kasut but

rope

tali

tali

sleeping bag

beg tidur

beg tindok

sock

stoking

setukin

stove

dapur

dapor

tarpaulin

kain tarpal

kain muta

tent

khemah

langkau kain

torch/flashlight

lampu picit

lampu suloh

at the national park

di taman negara

 ba kampong menoa

camping

berkhemah

bepalan

campsite

tapak perkhemahan

palan

caution

awas

bejaga

closed

tutup

tambit

entry

masuk

penama (endor tama)

exit

keluar

keluar

no entry

dilarang masuk

enda tau tama

open

buka

buka

where are the toilets/ bathrooms?

di mana tandas / tempat mandi?

dini endor jamban/ alai mandi?

where is the canteen?

di mana kantin?

dini kantin?

where is the park headquarters?

di mana pejabat ?

dini endor opis?

geographical features

istilah geografi

leka jako geografi

inland

di darat

ba tanah

bridge

jambatan

jematan / andau

cave

gua

lubang

cliff

tebing tinggi

tingkah

creek

anak sungai

lupak

hill

bukit

bukit

lake

tasik

danau

landslide

tanah runtuh

tanah tusor

mountain

gunung

gunong

peak

puncak

tuchong

river

sungai

sungai

rock

batu

batu

spring

mata air

mata ai

valley

lembah

lebak

village

kampung

kampong

waterfall

air terjun

ai wong

on the coast

di pantai

ba tebing tasik

beach

pantai

tebing tasik

estuary

muara

nanga

island

pulau

pulau

peninsula

semananjung

menoa semenanjong

sea

laut

tasik

swamp

paya

paya

wave

gelombang

gelumbang

weather and times

cuaca dan masa

mua ari eggau maia

afternoon

petang

lemai

cold

sejuk

celap

day

hari

ari

dry season

musim panas

musim angat

fire

api

api

flood

banjir

ai bah

high tide / king tide

air pasang / air pasang tinggi

ai pasang / ai pasang besai

hot

panas

angat

low tide

air surut

ai surut

midday

tengah hari

ngalih ari

morning

pagi

magi ari

new moon / full moon

bulan baru / bulan penuh

bulan baru / bulan besai

night

malam

malam

rain

hujan

ujan

smoke / haze

asap / jerebu

asap

sunrise

matahari terbit

mata ari pansut

sunset

matahari terbenam

mata ari padam

sunshine

sinaran matahari

panas mata ari

torrential rain

hujan lebat

ujan lebat

wet season

landas /musim hujan

landas

wind

angin

angin

windy

berangin

berangin

wild animals

binatang-binatang liar

jelu babas

ant

semut

semut

bear

beruang

beruang

bearcat

binturong

enturun

bird

burung

burong

crocodile

buaya

gayau

eagle

burung helang

burong lang

fish

ikan

ikan

fly

lalat

langai

frog

katak

engkatak

insect

serangga

indu utai

leech

lintah

lemetak

lizard

cicak

tichak

monitor lizard

biawak

menarat

monkey

monyet; kera

kera

mosquito

nyamuk

nyamok

mouse deer

kancil

pelandok

rhinoceros hornbill

enggang badak

kenyalang

snake

ular

ular

spider

labah-labah

empelawa

wild cat

kuching hutan, kuching dahun

mayau babas

wild pig

babi hutan

babi kampong

plants

tumbuh-tumbuhan

pun kayu

flower

bunga

bungai

fruit

buah

buah

leaf

daun

daun

seed

biji

igi

tree

pokok

pun

food and drink

makanan dan minuman

utai empa enggau irup

boiled water

air mati

ai amat

drinking water

air minuman

ai irup

i am hungry

saya lapar

aku lapar

i am thirsty

saya berasa haus

aku aus

light food

makanan ringan

utai kena ngirup

transport

kenderaan

utai kena bejalai

bicycle

basikal

basikal

boat

kapal (big); sampan (small)

bot; perau

bus

bas

bas

car

kereta / motokar

kereta

on foot

jalan kaki

bejalai kaki

taxi

teksi

teksi

emergencies

kecemasaan

maia kena penusah

accident

kemalangan

bebadi

ambulance

ambulan

enbulan

diarrhoea

diarea; cirit-birit

chirit

doctor

doktor

lutor

fever

demam

celap-angat tuboh

help

tolong

tulong

hospital

hospital

rumah sakit

it hurts here.

sakit disini

pedih ba ditu

poison

racun

ubat rachun

Translation to Iban kindly provided by Garry Brandah

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